7 Tips for Reducing the Risk of Diabetes Complications

Posted: Sunday, October 16, 2011 by cahyo in

Diabetes patients rarely die because of diabetes itself, but more often die from complications of diabetes.

So, after a person is diagnosed with diabetes, you should try to prevent the occurrence of diabetic complications.

Here are tips on preventing the occurrence of complications of diabetes:

1. Controlling blood glucose levels

Clinical trials conducted in the United States and Britain show that patients with lower glucose levels have fewer diabetic complications than patients who had higher glucose levels.

To control blood glucose levels, patients should continue to monitor his blood glucose with blood glucose monitors. In some patients, lifestyle modification through diabetic diet and exercise is enough to lower blood glucose levels. However, many diabetes patients must use insulin to lower blood glucose levels.
Currently, there are already tools that not only serves to monitor blood glucose levels, but also able to regulate insulin into the bloodstream.

These devices are more expensive than insulin pumps and diabetes meter standard. But, the tool is proven to regulate blood glucose levels very effectively.

2. Stop smoking.

Studies show that diabetics who smoke will experience an increased risk for diabetes complications, including heart disease and amputation of the foot.

3. Check your feet every day.

Diabetic neuropathy is nerve damage that occurs in diabetics and can lead to various complications in the feet, which could ultimately lead to amputation of the foot.

Diabetics should check for signs of damage to the skin, boils, or blisters on the feet. Area of ​​skin between the toes should also be considered.

At the annual health examination, the doctor will check whether the sensation in diabetic foot remains at normal levels or not. People with diabetes should avoid activities that could damage the foot.

4. Perform eye examinations.

People with diabetes have eyes examined regularly for early detection of diabetic retinopathy. If retinopathy can be detected early and get a stricter supervision, the handling can be done effectively.

Conversely, if retinopathy is detected at an advanced stage, the tip can result in vision loss and blindness.

5. Conduct examination of the urine.

Diabetes can cause nephropathy or renal failure. Ingredients that diabetics must do regular urine tests to check whether the levels of protein (albumin) in urine was normal or not.

Clinical trials indicate that the use of medication for blood pressure like ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor inhibitors have a preventive effect against the occurrence of renal disease in diabetic patients.

6. Use of drugs to control blood pressure.

Patients with diabetes should use blood pressure control drugs if blood pressure exceeds 130/80. Hypertension in diabetic patients may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetic retinopathy, and nephropathy.

Patients with diabetes should check cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. If levels of cholesterol and triglycerides are too high, then the patient with diabetes must alter their daily diet and take cholesterol-lowering drugs like statins.

Patients with diabetes can also ask your doctor about aspirin use. The American Diabetes Association recommends aspirin use separately in diabetic patients aged 40 years or more every day.

7. Visiting the doctor regularly.

Visiting the doctor regularly will allow early detection and prevention of diabetes complications.

Schedule a medical examination is usually determined based on the duration of diabetes and the development of diabetes kompliksai, so schedules each patient with diabetes will be different.